>>> ODAPC or the Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance >>>
Below is great information recently published by the DOT Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance (ODAPC). This office develops and implements all of the provisions of the DOT required drug & alcohol testing program. ODAPC is in charge of the world’s largest drug & alcohol workplace drug testing program.
What is the Role of ODAPC at DOT?
As part of the Office of the DOT Secretary, ODAPC’s role is to:
- Develop and implement the Secretary’s drug and alcohol policies.
- Coordinate, publish, and implement 49 CFR Part 40; and provide authoritative interpretations.
- Coordinate DOT drug and alcohol policies with the Office of National Drug Control Policy [Executive Office of the President] and with other Federal Agencies.
- Help implement the President’s National Drug Control Strategy.
- Provide international assistance to nations developing drug and alcohol testing laws.
- Coordinate drug and alcohol testing regulations with Canada and Mexico, doing so in accordance with all trade agreements.
- Provide technical assistance to DOT Agencies, the USCG, and those regulated by 49 CFR Part 40.
- Hold Public Interest Exclusion hearings for serious non-compliance with our regulations.
The Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance (ODAPC) mission is to ensure the safety and security of the traveling public; reduce the demand for illicit drugs; deter the use of illicit drugs and the misuse of alcohol in the transportation industries; and create prevention and treatment opportunities for transportation employers and employees.
Safety is the No. 1 priority at the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). And a cornerstone of the safety policy is ensuring that transportation providers across all modes – on roads, rails, water, or in the air, over land and underground – employ operators who are 100 percent drug- and alcohol-free. ODAPC wants – and they insist upon – safety-conscious employees at all times and under all circumstances.
History of ODAPC
Just over 20 years ago, ODAPC was established to advise the Secretary, the DOT Agencies, and the United States Coast Guard (USCG) on drug enforcement and drug testing issues. As a result of the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991, ODAPC’s critical role was expanded.
Today, employers in the trucking, aviation, railroad, transit, pipeline, and maritime industries are covered by ODAPC’s regulation. That regulation governs the drug and alcohol testing process for pre-employment, random, post-accident, reasonable suspicion/cause, and required testing after an employee returns to work after failing or refusing a test.
Who is Covered?
Nearly 8 million people performing safety sensitive transportation jobs are covered by
DOT drug and alcohol regulations. These include pilots, truck drivers, subway operators, ship captains, pipeline controllers, airline mechanics, locomotive engineers, bus drivers, and armed security, among others.
What Regulations Does ODAPC Publish?
In conjunction with the Office of the General Counsel, ODAPC publishes, implements, and provides authoritative interpretations of 49 Code of Federal regulations (CFR) Part 40.
How does the ODAPC our program work?
Each of the following plays a unique role in regulating workplace drug and alcohol testing of safety-sensitive employees. Here is a quick overview:
- Through 49 CFR Part 40, ODAPC states how to conduct testing and how to return employees to safety-sensitive duties after they violate a DOT drug and alcohol regulation.
- Each DOT Agency-specific regulation spells out who is subject to testing, when and in what situations for a particular transportation industry.
- The Department of Health and Human Services certifies laboratories and determines the testing procedures and drugs for which we test.
What are the DOT Agency regulations?
The following DOT Agencies and the USCG are responsible for regulating their specific transportation industry testing programs.
- FMCSA – Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 382
- FAA – Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 120
- FRA – Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 219
- FTA – Federal Transit Administration 49 CFR Part 655
- PHMSA – Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 199
- USCG – United States Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 4 and Part 16