Suboxone is a controlled substance that contains naloxone and buprenorphine. It is primarily used to treat opiate addiction by slowly weaning the user off of the narcotic. Naloxone blocks the addictive effects of opioid medications, such as the feelings of well-being and pain relief that can lead to abuse of opiates, while buprenorphine is a synthetic opioid medication itself. There are also other various medical uses for Suboxone.
When it comes to treating individuals with an opioid addiction, such as oxycodone or heroin, Suboxone is one of the most commonly used and effective treatment medication options since its potential for abuse is fairly low. It is used in both short term and long term opioid replacement therapy, as well as for initial detoxification. It also has investigational uses such as in clinical trials for depression and cocaine dependence.
Suboxone has the potential to produce a euphoric effect, or an opioid “high”, if it is taken in ways other than prescribed, or in higher dosages. This can increase potential abuse, but because of the naloxone properties in Suboxone, the potential for abuse still remains low.
Some negative side effects of Suboxone that may require immediate medical attention include: slurred speech, confusion and blurred vision; a light-headed feeling like you might pass out; weak or shallow breathing; extreme drowsiness or weakness; nausea or vomiting; upper stomach pain; allergic reactions; and withdrawal symptoms.
There are many potential negative symptoms of Suboxone. Immediate medical care should be sought is any of these serious symptoms are present. Symptoms of an allergic reaction to Suboxone may include swelling of the tongue, throat, lips, or face; difficulty breathing; and hives. Withdrawal symptoms include watery eyes, runny nose, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, hot and cold flashes, and shaking or shivering.
Some other common symptoms can include itching, headaches or other pains; constipation; swelling in the legs or arms; tongue pain; numbness or redness inside the mouth; dark urine; clay-colored stools; loss of appetite; increased sweating; jaundice; and sleeping problems like insomnia.