EtG is Ethyl Glucuronide, a metabolite of ethanol, which is an intoxicating ingredient found in different types of alcoholic beverages. It can be found in wine, liquor, and beer that was produced by the fermentation of sugars, starches, and yeast. It is used as a biomarker when testing for the use of ethanol, and to detect and record alcohol abstinence in situations or jobs that do not allow drinking. Examples of situations may include recovering alcohol patients, in alcohol treatment programs, in DUI and DWI programs, in schools, in the military, in professional monitoring programs (attorneys, airline pilots, health professionals), or in liver transplant patients.
Alcoholism and alcohol abuse have some differences. Individuals who suffer from alcohol abuse, but are not physically addicted like with alcoholism, may still experience similar signs and symptoms as individuals suffering from alcoholism. However, individuals that abuse alcohol generally do not experience the same need to drink or cravings that people with alcoholism experience. Alcohol abuse occurs when a person is not able to control their drinking when they do actually drink, but do not feel the constant need to drink. Alcoholism is much more severe when compared with alcohol abuse, but alcohol abuse can lead to alcoholism if untreated, and can come with many of the same health complications.
Continued consumption of alcohol in large amounts and binge drinking can cause many negative long-term effects. These potential health problems include: alcohol poisoning; liver disease; stroke, high blood pressure or other heart-related diseases; sexual problems; nerve damage; ulcers; gastritis; cancer of the throat and mouth; malnutrition; permanent brain damage; Vitamin B deficiency, which can lead to other disorders; increased family and relationship problems; increased loss of productivity and on the job injuries; intentional injuries like domestic violence and sexual assault; and unintentional injuries like drowning, falls, burns, and car accidents.
There are various symptoms of alcohol use, depending on the individual, their physical condition, and the amount that is consumed in a period of time. Some of the more common symptoms may include slurred speech, impaired judgement, distorted vision and hearing, decreased coordination and perception, drowsiness, headaches, upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea and anemia.
Some more serious symptoms of alcohol use that require immediate medical attention can include breathing difficulties, unconsciousness, or even a coma. It is also common for users to experience blackouts, which are memory lapses that occur during the time the person was under the influence of alcohol.
There are many different uses of alcohol, both recreational and practical. The main and most obvious use is drinking it. It is widely used among adults and is associated with relaxing and socializing. Some studies have even discovered some possible health benefits from consuming alcohol in moderation. However, there can be many negative health benefits from consuming alcohol as well, so the positive might not outweigh the negative.
Ethanol is also used for cleaning purposes. Although the mixtures are usually unsafe to drink and highly poisonous, it still makes a great cleaning product, like for cleaning paint brushes. Since ethanol is a safe alcohol, it is frequently used for dissolving chemicals that are not water soluble, such as vegetable essences (vanilla extract) and cosmetics. As ethanol is the least toxic of alcohols, it is ideal to use in perfumes and colognes in order to stop whatever animal and plant extracts are used from going off. The amount varies depending on what you are making with it.
Ethanol is also used as an alternative to fossil fuels, and it is considered a renewable fuel since it can be made from renewable resources like sugar cane. Ethanol burns very cleanly and produces only water and carbon dioxide. It is valued in countries that do not have an oil industry since it reduces their dependence of petrol imports.