Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim – States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker’s intoxication as a defense against a claim for compensation. State laws’ intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: defenses that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury. Always check with your insurance company and your attorney when you have a refusal or positive post-accident test after an injury.
Michigan law MCL §418.305 states “If the employee is injured by reason of his intentional and willful misconduct, he shall not receive compensation under the provisions of this act.” It is important to include in your written drug free workplace policy that testing positive for drugs or refusing a required drug test is willful misconduct. This could help a denial of a workers comp claim.
This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law varies greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the development or edit of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.
State Law Michigan