Workplace drug testing issues – State Laws – New York State
These categories do no effect DOT regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.
Instant or POCT Testing
On-site testing facilities are subject to regulation under the state’s clinical laboratory licensing law per the NYS Department of Health. Neither LabCorp nor Quest Diagnostics perform instant drug testing at their drug testing centers in New York State.
SAMHSA certified laboratories highly recommended.
Medical Review Officer (MRO)
Drug testing results must be reported to an MRO before they can be released to the employer.
Random Testing, Reasonable Suspicion Testing
Follow a “reasonable basis” for requiring a post-accident drug test.
Oral Fluid Testing and Hair Testing
Laboratories must be licensed.
Yes, address in company policy
State in your drug free workplace policy that a refusal to test or a positive test is misconduct. Terminate employment for misconduct.
Workers Comp Discount
Yes, discount available
Drug and Alcohol Prevention Program requirements for Code Rule 60. Separate credits are provided for safety, return or work, and drug and alcohol prevention. Maximum credits of 10% the first year and 6% thereafter
Yes, denial of claim available
Provisions for Workers' Compensation Denial - Workers' Compensation Law §10 and §21
Medical Marijuana Law (AB 6357) prohibits smoking marijuana. Employers may enforce policy of prohibiting employee from performing employment duties while impaired by controlled substance
Report Driver DOT Positives
None, however Code Rule 60 is a voluntary program that permits employers to put certain safety-related programs in place that qualify them for workers’ compensation credits.
Medical Marijuana - Medical Marijuana Law (AB 6357)
Workers Comp Discount - Code Rule 60
Intoxication Defense - States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker's intoxication as a defense against a claim for compensation. State laws' intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: defenses that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury. Always check with your insurance company and your attorney when you have a positive post-accident test after an injury.
This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law varies greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.
State Law New York
Click on the map below to view laws for that state.