Massachusetts - STATE LAWS

Workplace drug testing issues – State Laws – Massachusetts

These categories do not effect DOT regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.

Deny Unemployment claims - Chapter 151A Section 25

Workplace Drug Testing Laws in Massachusetts

Instant or POCT Testing

No restrictions

Drug Panels

No restrictions

Laboratory

No restrictions

Random Testing

Restricted

Limit to safety sensitive or security sensitive position.

Post-Accident

No restrictions

Reasonable Suspicion

No restrictions

Oral Fluids

No restrictions

Hair Testing

No restrictions

Unemployment Denial

Yes

Chapter 151A Section 25 - Disqualification of benefits when the employee discharged for deliberate misconduct consisting of: (i) stealing from such employee's place of employment; (ii) illegal drug use while at work; or (iii) drunkenness while at work shall be determined to be ineligible for benefits without regard to whether or not the employer had a written policy against such conduct.

Workers Comp Discount

No

Intoxication Defense

Maybe

No current statute or case law addressing Workers' Compensation/Denial after a positive drug or alcohol test after an accident.

Medical Marijuana

Yes

Nothing in the law requires any accommodation of any on-site medical use of marijuana in any place of employment.

Recreational Marijuana

Yes

Passed November 2016, the law does not affect employer’s rights to enact and enforce workplace policies restricting the consumption of marijuana by employees.

Report Driver DOT Positives

No

General Statute

Massachusetts legislation does not address drug testing in private employment. Case law limits random testing - the validity of an employer’s policy of random drug testing had to be weighed on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the employee’s job responsibilities and the employer’s interests.

Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim - States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker's intoxication as a defense against a claim for compensation.  State laws' intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: defenses that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury.  Always check with your insurance company and your attorney when you have a positive post-accident test after an injury.

This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law varies greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.

State Law Massachusetts