Propoxyphene Drug Test
What is Propoxyphene?
Propoxyphene is a type of medication that falls into the opioid category and is often referred to by its trade name of Darvon. Designed to treat mild levels of pain and also used as a cough suppressant, Darvon is often combined with acetaminophen and used under the name Darvocet or with paracetamol and sold as Capadex, Di-Antalvic, and Lentogesic.
While mildly effective at treating several problems, most notably pain, Propoxyphene was actually pulled from the US market in 2010, and shortly thereafter was removed from European markets as well. This was due to its link to heart rhythm abnormalities that could trigger heart attacks and other similar events. It is still available in some places around the world including South Africa and Australia, and its classification as a narcotic means that it’s potential for abuse does lead it to being abused around the world.
Like most opioid drugs, Propoxyphene carries a significant risk of addiction as well as a chance of health risks. Over a short period of time, dependence can develop and lead to negative impacts in one's life.
Use of Propoxyphene
Propoxyphene was created to help those who are injured cope with pain, but can also have additional medical benefits. It's often used to relieve symptoms of restless leg syndrome, and could help with digestive issues as well. However, its primary use for pain relief is the main reason that most may encounter this type of opioid. And as with any other type of opioid, Propoxyphene carries a high risk of dependence due to its ability to be abused.
Propoxyphene is a weaker opioid-like codeine, and while it doesn't act as strongly as others in the class it still works in the same way - by binding the receptors in the brain and blocking the signal of pain. However, it also imitates the chemicals that trigger feelings of pleasure, euphoria, and reward. As such, the potential for abuse is high despite the fact that Propoxyphene is weaker than other drugs.
When addiction occurs, Propoxyphene begins to be used in different ways from the basic pill form. In particular, it is often cursed into a powder and then smoked or snorted. In more serious addicts, the drug may be mixed with water and injected into the bloodstream. As the addiction grows, the medication required to achieve the 'high' increases, and larger and larger doses of Propoxyphene will be needed. Additionally, since it is a milder form of opioid, Propoxyphene is often a 'gateway' to more intense, higher-dosage drugs.
Effects of Propoxyphene Abuse
Propoxyphene abuse can lead to negative consequences throughout one's life. Short-term physical and mental effects can include things like:
- Sore throat and difficulty swallowing
- Reduced alertness
This is in addition to the heart rhythm changes that led to Propoxyphene being pulled from major markets. These changes to the heart rhythm could lead to death, and even mild or moderate use of Propoxyphene could cause these to occur.
Beyond the basic physical side effects of Propoxyphene use, abuse can lead to dependence which can quickly infiltrate a person's entire life. Failure at school or work, social issues, criminal activity, and more are all potential consequences of Propoxyphene abuse. More serious health issues including liver damage, heart attack, kidney damage, and death could all occur due to the use of Propoxyphene.