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Marijuana Considerations & Laws In Florida

Medical Marijuana Law:

Recreational Marijuana Law:

No Broad Laws Legalizing Marijuana*:

*In these states, marijuana is either totally illegal, or there may be laws decriminalizing possession, or use of marijuana, or, the state may have a CBD law legalizing THC at a level constituting marijuana-derived CBD.


Employers have so many questions! Learn More About Workplace Considerations for Marijuana Use.

What are the impacting issues of marijuana use? Review Our Checklist of Impacting Issues to Research.


Read more employment specific information on:

Employer Concerns

  • Employers are not required to accommodate the use of medical marijuana in the workplace or allow an employee to work under the influence of marijuana. 
  • A case decision determined that employers are not required to pay for or facilitate an employee’s obtainment of medical marijuana.   
  • Florida has a voluntary drug testing law that, although not required, if an employer elects to comply, they will qualify for a workers’ compensation premium discount. It does require testing for marijuana. 
  • Florida has unemployment and workers’ compensation voluntary laws that, although not required, with compliance, an employer has greater latitude to deny claims. 
  • Drug testing is required by the state for certain public contractors.

Testing

  • See Significant above.

Hiring/Termination


Discipline


Use/Possession

  • Consumption prohibited in public places unless employer authorizes use. 
  • Smoking is permitted (as of March 2019). 
  • No consumption in transportation vehicles (car, boat, train, etc.). 
  • Edibles are legal, but must have been commercially produced.

Other Impacting Laws (e.g. drug testing, workers’ compensation, unemployment)

  • If an employee tests positive causing a discharge, he or she will not be eligible for unemployment compensation when the employer is adhering to the Florida drug-free workplace program and the Florida unemployment laws. 
  • If an employee tests positive causing a discharge, it will be presumed intoxication was the cause of the injury (rebutted only by clear and convincing evidence) and he or she will not be eligible for workers’ compensation for his or her injury when the employer is adhering to the Florida drug-free workplace program and the Florida workers’ compensation laws. 

Miscellaneous


Sources (e.g. Bill Number, Authority)

  • Florida Constitution Art. X Sec. 29 – Medical marijuana law
  • Stat. Ann. § 381.986 – Medical marijuana related
  • WC Code 440.102 – Drug testing related
  • Admin. Code 59A-24 et al. – Drug testing related
  • Stat. Ann. 443.101 – Unemployment related
  • Stat. Ann. 440.09 – Workers’ compensation related

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    DISCLAIMER: This resource is designed to provide accurate information regarding the subject matter covered. It is provided with the understanding that those involved in the resource are not engaged in rendering legal counsel. If legal advice is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.

    CAUTION: Where there are quotation marks, the language is directly from published law. This information is only a summary of some issues and it will benefit the reader to review the information in context (go to the law) and in relation to other laws (e.g. workers compensation, unemployment law).

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