Cocaine Drug Test
What is Cocaine?
Did you know that one of the original recipes for Coca-Cola, or Coke contained cocaine? Interesting that a slang name for cocaine is coke and other slang names include Snow, Blow, toot, and nose candy. Coca-Cola was actually named for its two medicinal ingredients: the extract of the coca leaves and kola nuts. In 1929, Coca-Cola became completely free of cocaine.
Cocaine comes from coca leaves. Over 100 years ago, the purified chemical, cocaine hydrochloride, was isolated from the coca plant. At one time, surgeons and dentists used cocaine to block pain. Cocaine today is a Schedule II drug; it can be administered by a doctor for legitimate medical uses, but this does not happen often.
Cocaine use in America increased around 1900, and by 1905, it was very popular to snort cocaine. In 1922, the Federal government banned cocaine. In the seventies, cocaine reappeared on the scene with an abundance of cocaine coming from South America. Columbian drug traffickers were setting up elaborate networks for smuggling cocaine into the United States. Now cocaine became the drug of choice for the disco crew, entertainers, and business people. Today, more and more cocaine has flooded the streets of America and cocaine is the second most trafficked illegal drug in the world. Cocaine use and abuse are seen in all walks of life today.
There are two chemical forms of cocaine, one that is snorted and the rock-like crack cocaine that is smoked. Water-soluble hydrochloride salt is the white powder cocaine that is snorted with a straw or a rolled up dollar bill. The water-insoluble cocaine base (or freebase) is the crack cocaine that is snorted. Smoking crack cocaine gives off a crackling sound hence the name “crack.”
Cocaine is very dangerous as it is very addictive. Users need more and more of the drug with more potency to achieve the same euphoria or high they previously got.
Many movies over the years have portrayed the history and popularity of cocaine and its journey to the United States, some of these include: Blow, Traffic, Scarface along with a half dozen movies, TV shows and documentaries on Pablo Escobar. As one of the most famous of the Columbian Cocaine Cartel leaders, drug lord Pablo Escobar earned over 30 billion dollars with his drug network with his Medellin Cartel. Escobar died in a shootout in December of 1993; 16 months after escaping from a prison in Columbia.
What are the Effects of Cocaine?
Getting high on cocaine is a rush and creates a wave of euphoria with intense pleasure. Cocaine stimulates the brain in a positive way similar to how you feel when you have a major accomplishment in life. When high on cocaine an individual will have the illusion of feeling better than they usually do about themselves, to the point of feeling superior to other people. Users become more sociable and energetic. They become talkative and gregarious. Sexual experiences are typically enhanced when one or both partners are high on cocaine. These qualities of cocaine lead to its powerful addiction because the user wants more of what they are feeling.
The bad news is the crash. The cocaine high does not last very long, maybe just a few minutes. Once the high and euphoria are over, the user wants and needs more cocaine to feel better. You have feelings of depression, anxiety and a need to get back up to the high and euphoria you experienced just a few minutes ago. Side effects often mirror the effects of the flu with a feeling run down, runny nose, pains, aches, and fuzzy head. The user is no longer full of energy nor as alert and confident as he or she was when high on cocaine.
Cocaine Short-Term Effects
- Death from respiratory (breathing) failure
- Short-lived, intense high that is immediately followed by the opposite—intense depression, edginess, and a craving for more of the drug
- Increased heart rate, muscle spasms, and convulsions
- Intense drug craving
- Dilated pupils
- Disturbed sleep patterns
Cocaine Long-Term Effects
- A person can become psychotic and begin to experience hallucinations
- Severe depression
- High blood pressure, leading to heart attacks, strokes, and death
- Liver, kidney, and lung damage
- Malnutrition, weight loss
- Increased frequency of risky behavior
- Disorientation, apathy, confused exhaustion