Last updated on February 16th, 2021 at 12:58 pm
A hair drug test is quickly becoming a popular choice for drug testing and for many employers, the preferred drug testing method for pre-employment and random testing. It is now commonly used for probation and court ordered drug testing. Many different drugs can be detected with hair drug testing, you can see all the options on our order a hair drug test page.
Hair drug testing is effective for long term detection of drug use, up to 90 day. It is for this reason that many judges are ordering hair drug testing. Hair testing for EtG alcohol will show a 90 day lookback for consumption of alcohol so this is very effective in alcohol monitoring programs. Many individual that suspect they have been a victim of a date rape drug will find the hair drug test to be more effective then urine drug testing.
What if the person is bald? Can body hair be tested for drugs or alcohol?
If the head hair is not long enough or shaved, then a sample of body hair from the legs, chest, or armpits, and occasionally beards can be used instead. Body hair typically grows at a less predictable rate than head hair which is about ½ of an inch per month. Using body hair for a hair follicle test may provide a look back of up to 6 months. A positive hair drug test result does not actually indicate the exact date or dates the drug was used, just that it was ingested in an estimated timeframe within the last 90 days.
Why Is Hair Drug Testing So Effective?
Although it has been around for a while, it is still fairly new technology. Hair testing is very effective if it is administered by a properly trained technician and it is critical that the proper amount of hair is collected and that it is packaged according to the testing laboratory specifications.
Much research on the effectiveness of hair testing over urine has come from the trucking industry as they were earlier adopters of conducting both urine testing, required by the Department of Transportation, while simultaneously conducting hair testing as part of company policy. According to a University of Central Arkansas study, An Examination of the Geographical Correlation Between Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers, it was determined that the effective hair test failure rate was 14.2 times larger than urine for samples. The test data was provided by trucking companies that required drivers to submit both a urine sample and a hair sample.
Unlike urine testing, hair testing is always directly observed since the collector is the one cutting the hair. This means there is no chance to substitute or adulterate the specimen during the collection process like there is in a urine collection.
No matter the type of testing being conducted, if the specimen initial screening yields non-negative results, then it will undergo additional GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry) or LC-MS-MS (Liquid Chromatography, tandem Mass Spectrometry) confirmation testing. Hair follicle tests for employment should always be reviewed by a certified MRO (Medical Review Officer) before the results are released to an employer. This is necessary to allow the MRO to verify if someone may be legitimately taking a prescription medication and if they are and the MRO can verify the prescription, then the final test report will list the result as a “negative”.
Should you switch to hair testing? Continue to use urine or oral fluid testing? Maybe a combination?
This really depends on your industry, your company goals, and your risk tolerance for drug abuse in the workplace. Adding hair testing has made a significant difference in the trucking industry and for companies that hire for positions that are safety-sensitive. If you are serious about a drug-free workplace, then hair testing is something you should consider.
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About Tom Fulmer
Tom Fulmer, CPCT, is the Vice President of Business Development for National Drug Screening, a nationwide leader in employer drug testing and top provider of drug testing, training, & TPA/Consortium software. Tom writes articles for National publications and presents at conferences. In 2017 and 2018, he won HR.com “Best Customer Service Leadership Training Program” awards and in 2018, he also won a top 10 award for “Best Sales Leadership Training Program”. Tom also conducts training for collectors, employers, and sales and customer service teams.
About National Drug Screening
National Drug Screening (NDS) assists Background screening companies and employers in reducing liability, improving safety, and attracting and retaining better employees by providing drug testing services, supervisor training, Drug-free workplace policy development, and other employer resources. NDS provides MRO services, TPA management software, and training to assist other drug testing service providers to automate and streamline their processes and increase profitability and service. Top 50 Florida Companies to Watch Award winner 2019.