Benzodiazepines Drug Test
What are Benzodiazepines?
Benzodiazepines are known as psychoactive drugs. Often referred to as benzos, these are drugs such as alprazolam, chlordiazepoxide, lorazepam, clonazepam and diazepam are all classed as Benzodiazepines. Street names are blue V, Xannies, Candy, Downers, Sleeping Pills and Tranks. Brand names for Benzodiazepines include Xanax, Valium, Ativan, and Klonopin. The drug Xanax or alprazolam is probably the most famous of the benzodiazepines and it is an anti-anxiety medication used for treating anxiety and panic disorders.
Benzodiazepines are for treating anxiety. Medically, benzodiazepines are prescribed for anxiety, panic, seizures, insomnia, muscle relaxation, depression, and general anesthesia. This drug can relieve symptoms of anxiety and relieve panic attacks. Benzodiazepines have hypnotic, muscle-relaxant, and anticonvulsant properties. The peak of benzodiazepines use was around 1975 when benzodiazepines were widely touted as a wonder drug for anything from chronic anxiety to mild stress. In fact, in that year alone, about 103 million prescriptions were issued for them in the U.S.
Recreationally, benzodiazepines have toxic effects and have widespread availability. Often used as a date rape drug, benzodiazepines can markedly impair and even abolish functions that normally allow a person to resist or even want to resist sexual aggression or assault. Celebrities often have benzodiazepine abuse issues that sometimes cause death, often in combination with other drugs of abuse. Anna Nicole Smith in 20017, Whitney Houston in 2012, and Michael Jackson in 2008 all died with benzos and other drugs in their systems.
Benzodiazepine abusers enjoy the magnification of intoxicant effects of combinations of benzodiazepine with alcohol, cocaine, opiates and other prescribed drugs or illegal drugs. A cocaine abuser might also use benzodiazepines to lower the risk of crashing after cocaine wears off.
Effects of Benzodiazepines
Looking to diffuse stress and its physical and emotional side effects, users look to benzodiazepines and the potential for abuse and long-term use increases. The drug slows down nerve activity in the brain and the rest of the central nervous system. Abusers look for a high in addition to the calm and relaxed sensations individuals feel when taking benzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines Short-Term Effects
- Fatigue, drowsiness, lethargy
- Mental confusion, headaches, depression
- Motor coordination impairment
- Blurred vision, memory issues
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Lowering of heart rate, core body temperature, blood pressure, and respiration.
Benzodiazepines Long-Term Effects
- Potential for becoming psychologically and physically dependent
- Negative effects on memory, sensory perceptions, processing speed, and learning abilities
- Severe withdrawal symptoms
- Brain damage