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For Drug Testing in Connecticut for Employers Call Now: 866-843-4545

For Drug Testing in Connecticut for Individuals for immediate testing, Call Now: 866-843-4545

Drug Testing and Alcohol Testing in Connecticut

Drug testing is available today for individuals in Connecticut.  National Drug Screening can offer drug testing at our drug testing facilities in all areas of Connecticut including Hartford, New Haven, Stamford, Bridgeport and Norwalk.  Immediate appointments are available with easy fast service from one of our operators standing by.  All tests include MRO Services and both On-Site Collection and Random Selections are available. We accept Major Credit Cards and results can be delivered by e-mail or on-line 24/7 in a Secure Client Area.  All testing types are available – oral fluid, Urinalysis, Hair Testing, Saliva Testing, Alcohol Testing and POCT Testing (Point of Collection Testing).      

CONNECTICUT LAW ON DRUG TESTING

Drug Testing of Prospective Employees

Under Connecticut law, no employer may require a prospective employee to submit to a urinalysis drug test as part of the application procedure unless the following conditions are met:

  • The applicant is informed in writing  at the time of application of the employer’s intent to conduct such a drug test;
  • The test is conducted in accordance with the statutory procedures, which mandate the methodology for such tests; and
  • The applicant is given a copy of any positive drug test result.

The statute further provides that the results of any such test must be kept confidential and not disclosed by the employer or its employees to any person other than any such employee to whom such disclosure is necessary. Drug test results should be treated the same as employee medical records, kept separately from personnel records.

It is a good idea to have the applicant sign a consent form for the drug testing which also authorizes the laboratory to release the results to the employer.

Note that individuals who were previously employed by the employer and who are applying for re-employment within twelve months of their termination are treated like current employees for purposes of drug testing, rather than as prospective employees. They cannot be tested unless the requirement of reasonable suspicion is met, or unless they are covered by another law that requires testing.

Drug Testing of Current Employees — Reasonable Suspicion

Connecticut law prohibits drug testing of current employees unless the employer has “reasonable suspicion” that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol which adversely affects or could adversely affect such employee’s job performance.

The law expressly states that the Department of Labor shall adopt regulations to specify circumstances that shall be presumed to give rise to reasonable suspicion. Although regulations have been drafted, they have not yet been finalized.

Drug Testing of Current — Employees Random Tests

 An employer generally may not require employees to submit to a drug test on a random basis unless one of the following exceptions applies:

  • Such test is authorized under federal law (discussed below);
  • The employee serves in an occupation which has been designated as high-risk or safety-sensitive; or
  • The test is conducted as part of an employee assistance program sponsored or authorized by the employer in which the employee voluntarily participates.

High-risk or safety-sensitive occupations: High-risk or safety-sensitive occupations are defined by regulation as those that: (1) inherently involve a significant life-threatening danger to the employee, fellow employees, or the general public; (2) require the use of judgment or a high degree of care or caution; and (3) are such that the employer could not evaluate the employee’s performance by personal observation.

 Employees and employers may make written requests to the Commissioner of Labor that an occupation be designated (or not be designated) as high-risk or safety-sensitive. Employers who intend to institute drug testing of current employees and who are not acting under reasonable suspicion or federal mandate must first submit a request to the Commissioner for certification that the occupation is high-risk or safety-sensitive. The Commissioner maintains a list of occupations designated as high-risk or safety-sensitive; however, this list is only a guideline for future determinations. To see a copy of this list, visit: http://www.ctdol.state.ct.us/wgwkstnd/highrisk.htm 

An employer cannot rely on the fact that an occupation is on the list to justify implementing a random testing program. Rather, each employer who intends to undertake random drug testing must inform the Commissioner of its intention so that the Commissioner can make a separate certification for that employer.

As noted, Connecticut law addresses only urinalysis testing, which may not be particularly effective for detecting alcohol abuse or intoxication. While an employer is not precluded under Connecticut law from using other types of tests (such as a breathalyzer test) to detect alcohol intoxication, there is no “safe harbor” or guidance on methodology provided by Connecticut state law on drug testing.  Note, however, that the federal DOT regulations for regulated industries (airlines, railroads, mass transit, trucking, etc.) require alcohol testing in addition to testing for certain classes of illegal drugs.

POTENTIAL LIABILITY

Under Connecticut’s drug testing law, any employer or laboratory that violates any provision of the law shall be liable to the affected person for special and general damages, together with attorneys’ fees and costs. Further, a court can order injunctive relief.

Thus far, the Connecticut courts have declined to find a common law cause of action for wrongful discharge, noting that the statutory remedy is available. However, an employer could be subject to other common law claims such as defamation, intentional or negligent infliction of emotional distress, and invasion of privacy.

An employer who applies a drug testing program on a discriminatory basis (such as requiring only members of certain protected classes to submit to tests) could face liability under state and federal anti-discrimination laws, such as the Connecticut Fair Employment Practices Act and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. In addition, the Americans with Disabilities Act provides protections for former drug users who have been successfully rehabilitated and no longer illegally use drugs, as well as those who are erroneously regarded as engaging in illegal drug use.

Also, an employer subject to the Drug-Free Workplace Act can face penalties for failure to comply with the Act. Such penalties can include grant suspension, termination or debarment of the contractor or grantee.

Connecticut is a drug testing friendly state though its law places restrictions on random testing.  The medical marijuana law states that it does not apply to “ingestion of marijuana… in the workplace.”   The general consensus in the courts and the legal commentaries is that medical marijuana laws do not require employers to modify their employment practices, drug-free workplace policies, drug testing policies, or accommodation policies.  The courts have consistently held for employers in these medical marijuana states. 

Connecticut - Intoxication Defense

Connecticut is a drug testing friendly state though its law places restrictions on random testing.  The medical marijuana law states that it does not apply to “ingestion of marijuana… in the workplace.”   The general consensus in the courts and the legal commentaries is that medical marijuana laws do not require employers to modify their employment practices, drug-free workplace policies, drug testing policies, or accommodation policies.  The courts have consistently held for employers in these medical marijuana states. 

Random testing is limited to positions designated by the state. For an updated list of approved positions go to: http://www.ctdol.state.ct.us/wgwkstnd/highrisk.htm. The site states, “This list may serve only as a guide for the Commissioner in future investigations and determinations made pursuant to the regulations. Employers may institute random urinalysis drug testing only after their individual request has received written approval from the Commissioner.”

Connecticut Workers Compensation Act Favorable to the Intoxication Defense

W.C.A. §31-275

(c) In the case of accidental injury, a disability or a death due to the use of alcohol or narcotic drugs shall not be construed to be compensable injury;

Unfortunately there is a challenge in Connecticut as post-accident drug/alcohol testing falls under reasonable suspicion testing.  Connecticut law prohibits drug testing of current employees unless the employer has “reasonable suspicion” that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol which adversely affects or could adversely affect such employee’s job performance. 

Under Connecticut Department of Labor workplace laws - Sec. 31-51x. Drug testing: Reasonable suspicion required. (a) No employer may require an employee to submit to a urinalysis drug test unless the employer has reasonable suspicion that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol which adversely affects or could adversely affect such employee's job performance. The Labor Commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to specify circumstances which shall be presumed to give rise to an employer having such a reasonable suspicion, provided nothing in such regulations shall preclude an employer from citing other circumstances as giving rise to such a reasonable suspicion. 

The regulations and specific circumstances mentioned in Sec. 31-51x have not been finalized.  It could be argued that an accident would be sufficient circumstances to give rise to reasonable suspicion situation and thus a post-accident drug and alcohol needs test to be performed.

Intoxication Defense Best Practices

A post-accident drug test is the most important drug test an employer will require. This test can lead to huge financial savings!

After an injury, many employers require their employees to have a drug screen performed immediately after medical treatment. This testing is performed to allow the employer and insurance carrier to dispute the compensability of the injured worker’s claim. Typically, to defeat a workers compensation claim an employer must show two things: first, that the employee was intoxicated at the time of the injury and second that the intoxication caused or contributed to that injury.

In virtually every state (except Arizona) you can challenge a workers compensation claim if there is evidence that the employee was intoxicated at the time of the accident, and if that intoxication “contributed” to the cause of the accident. Some states provide a presumption of both intoxication and cause thereby denying a workers compensation benefit to anyone testing positive; other states provide a presumption of intoxication leaving cause to be proved, and some states provide a specific automatic deduction if there is a positive drug or alcohol test. One should be careful to follow state law since some states specifically define post-accident testing and others limit testing to only situations where there is reasonable suspicion.

One thing is for sure, defeating a workers compensation claim is not automatic, and many times a judge and/or jury may be involved. Who administered the testing? If it was the employer, did they know how to properly administer the test? How can they establish that it was not contaminated? If it was for alcohol, was the machine calibrated properly? Have company policies, DOT regulations and State Laws been followed? It is not unusual that the employer does not have the proper expertise to properly administer testing after an accident.

How you handle post-accident testing and workers’ compensation claims is paramount to establishing the intoxication defense and preventing claimants from rebutting the statutory presumptions. The following procedures can help you protect your ability to use the intoxication defense.

  • Have a Written and Promulgated Drug-Testing Policy.

The policy should contain a statement that all employees are subject to drug testing and that a refusal to take a drug screen will result in a presumption that the test would have been positive. Furthermore, the drug policy should be signed by the employee and be universally enforced. If the policy is not enforced, the claimant can argue that no policy exists.

  • Training & Education

Your drug free workplace program must have a training and education component. Employees and supervisors must know the policy, the consequences of violating the policy and the harmful effects of drugs/alcohol in the workplace. Supervisors must be able to make decisions for reasonable suspicion testing and must know the company policy inside and out.

  • Always Test an Employee Immediately Following the Accident.

Test after even minor accidents. A court can deny the intoxication presumption if the test occurs too late after the accident.

  • Take a Written Statement From an Injured Employee After an Accident.

The statement should ask specifically whether the employee had consumed any alcohol within 24 hours of the accident or any non-prescribed controlled substances, including cocaine or marijuana, within 30 days of the accident. Have the employee sign the statement.

  • Take Written Statements of Co-workers.

If you suspect drug use by the injured employee, ask the co-employees whether they noticed any unusual behavior. Never discuss the results of any drug tests with the injured worker’s co-employees.

  • Have Drug Tests Collected and Performed by a Reputable Vendor.

A medical drug test performed for treating a patient is different from an employment drug test. The employment drug test procedure must follow company policy, Federal and/State law and specifically quantifies the drug and alcohol levels. Furthermore, the testing entity should follow the Federal guidelines the collection and testing procedures.

  • Approve Emergency Care for an Injured Employee, Despite Positive Drug Results.

The injured employee will be entitled to reasonable emergency medical care until he is stabilized or discharged.

  • Do Not Encourage the Use of Alcohol.

An exception to the intoxication defense occurs when employers provide the intoxicating beverage and encourage its use or if the intoxication occurs in pursuit of the employer’s interest. Have a written policy against using alcohol, even in work-related activities.

Employers should note that even if the injured employee is found or presumed to be intoxicated, they are responsible for any reasonable emergency medical care until the employee is stabilized or discharged. Consultant Joe Reilly recommends three main things needed to successfully prove intoxication: a compliant workplace drug-testing program, a properly administered drug-test and a positive test result. Prepare now for lower workers comp costs and potential denial of claims achieving a return on investment for your drug free workplace program.

No one would tell you that every positive drug or alcohol test will result in a denial of a claim.   But, that’s where you start. If you’re not doing post-accident testing or not doing it properly you may lose the opportunity to challenge an otherwise defensible claim. You have to conduct post-accident/injury drug/alcohol tests in order to even consider the intoxication defense.

***********************

Connecticut Workers Compensation Act Favorable to the Intoxication Defense

W.C.A. §31-275

(c) In the case of accidental injury, a disability or a death due to the use of alcohol or narcotic drugs shall not be construed to be compensable injury;

Unfortunately there is a challenge in Connecticut as post-accident drug/alcohol testing falls under reasonable suspicion testing.  Connecticut law prohibits drug testing of current employees unless the employer has “reasonable suspicion” that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol which adversely affects or could adversely affect such employee’s job performance. 

Under Connecticut Department of Labor workplace laws - Sec. 31-51x. Drug testing: Reasonable suspicion required. (a) No employer may require an employee to submit to a urinalysis drug test unless the employer has reasonable suspicion that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol which adversely affects or could adversely affect such employee's job performance. The Labor Commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to specify circumstances which shall be presumed to give rise to an employer having such a reasonable suspicion, provided nothing in such regulations shall preclude an employer from citing other circumstances as giving rise to such a reasonable suspicion. 

The regulations and specific circumstances mentioned in Sec. 31-51x have not been finalized.  It could be argued that an accident would be sufficient circumstances to give rise to reasonable suspicion situation and thus a post-accident drug and alcohol needs test to be performed.

Employers should note that even if the injured employee is found or presumed to be intoxicated, they are responsible for any reasonable emergency medical care until the employee is stabilized or discharged. Consultant Joe Reilly recommends three main things needed to successfully prove intoxication: a compliant workplace drug-testing program, a properly administered drug-test and a positive test result. Prepare now for lower workers comp costs and potential denial of claims achieving a return on investment for your drug free workplace program.

Drug Testing Centers are open daily and provide drug and alcohol testing for individuals.

Drug testing is available for: court ordered programs, probation, legal cases, divorce, child custody and required testing for colleges and universities.

All major laboratories are utilized including Labcorp, Quest Diagnostics, Alere Toxicology, Clinical Reference Labs (CRL) and Medtox. All laboratory patient service centers and collection sites are available for immediate testing.

Your drug test can be scheduled today with one easy phone call. Drug testing locations are available and convenient to where you live and work. An easy process – it is confidential and secure.

Negative drug test results are available next business day after specimen collection. Your results are reported back to you with fast turnaround by e-mail, fax, or US Mail.

If you need to order a drug test today, call National Drug Screening.

For Drug Testing in Connecticut for Employers Call Now: 866-843-4545

For Drug Testing in Connecticut for Individuals for immediate testing, Call Now: 866-843-4545

 

Testing locations in Connecticut

Hartford Medical Group Avon

100 Simsbury Road Suite 203

Avon , Connecticut 6001

Stony Creek Urgent Care Center, LLC Branford

6 Business Park Dr Ste #302

Branford , Connecticut 6405

Yale New Haven Hosp. Occup. Health Plu BRANFORD

84 N MAIN ST

BRANFORD , Connecticut 6405

Quest Diagnostics-Branford - 144 North

144 North Main Street

Branford , Connecticut 6405

LabCorp BRIDGEPORT

4750 MAIN ST

BRIDGEPORT , Connecticut 6606

New England Drug & Alcohol Testing

1019 Main Street

Bridgeport , Connecticut 06604

Medworks, Inc Bristol

539 Farmington Ave

Bristol , Connecticut 6010

Quest Diagnostics-Bristol

935 Farmington Avenue

Bristol , Connecticut 6010

P.R.O.S Medical Services Brookfield

246 Federal Road Unit D-12

Brookfield , Connecticut 6804

Multicare Physicians & Rehab Group Cheshire

28 S Main St

Cheshire , Connecticut 6410

Middlesex Med Center/Occupational Med Cromwell

3136 Berlin Road

Cromwell , Connecticut 6416

Corporate Health Care-dba Danbury Heal Danbury

79 Sand Pit Rd

Danbury , Connecticut 6810

LabCorp DANBURY

67 SAND PIT RD

DANBURY , Connecticut 6810

Quest Diagnostics-Danbury-Germantown

7 Germantown Rd

Danbury , Connecticut 6810

Quest Diagnostics-Darien

557 Post Rd

Darien , Connecticut 6820

Concentra Medical Centers East Hartford

701 Main Street

East Hartford , Connecticut 6108

Hartford Medical Group East Hartford

265 Ellington Rd

East Hartford , Connecticut 6108

Yale - New Haven Hospital Worker Healt East Haven

317 Foxon Road

East Haven , Connecticut 6513

Charter Oak Walk in Medical Center East Lyme

324 Flanders Road

East Lyme , Connecticut 6333

Exams Plus Drug & Alcohol Testing Enfield

535 Hazard Ave

Enfield , Connecticut 6082

Johnson Occupational Medicine Center Enfield

3 Weymouth Rd

Enfield , Connecticut 6082

Fairfield Family medical Care Fairfield

525 Tunxis Hill Cut Off

Fairfield , Connecticut 6825

LabCorp FAIRFIELD

501 KINGS HWY E, STE 103

FAIRFIELD , Connecticut 6825

Quest Diagnostics-Glastonbury-N.L. Tur

131 New London Turnpike

Glastonbury , Connecticut 6033

Occupational Health Center -Lawrence & Groton

52 Hazelnut Hill Road

Groton , Connecticut 6340

Denny Chiropractic Hamden

295 Washington Ave

Hamden , Connecticut 6518

General Practitioners of Hamden Hamden

1100 Dixwell Ave

Hamden , Connecticut 6514

LabCorp HAMDEN

2440 WHITNEY AVE 2ND FL

HAMDEN , Connecticut 6518

Yale New Haven Hops Occup. Health Plus HAMDEN

2080 WHITNEY AVE

HAMDEN , Connecticut 6518

Quest Diagnostics-Hamden-Dixwell

3000 Dixwell Ave

Hamden , Connecticut 6518

St.Francis Hospital/Occ Hlth Dept Hartford

114 Woodland Street

Hartford , Connecticut 6105

Quest Diagnostics-Hartford-21 Woodland

21 Woodland St

Hartford , Connecticut 6105

Quest Diagnostics-Madison

11 Woodland Road

Madison , Connecticut 6443

CorpCare Occupational Health-Connectic Manchester

1075 Tolland Tpke

Manchester , Connecticut 6042

Hartford Medical Group Manchester

256 N Main St

Manchester , Connecticut 6040

Quest Diagnostics-Manchester

555 Main Street

Manchester , Connecticut 6040

Quest Diagnostics-Mansfield Center

135d Storrs Rd

Mansfield Center , Connecticut 6250

Quest Diagnostics-Meriden

816 Broad Street, Ste 22

Meriden , Connecticut 6450

Compcare Occupational Medicine Middletown

28 Crescent St

Middletown , Connecticut 6457

Preferred Care Walk-In Medical Center Middletown

842 Washington Street

Middletown , Connecticut 6457

Quest Diagnostics-Middletown

400 Saybrook Rd

Middletown , Connecticut 6457

Multicare Medical Center, P.C. Milford

232 Boston Post Rd

Milford , Connecticut 6460

Franklin Medical Group,PC Naugatuck

799 New Haven Rd

Naugatuck , Connecticut 6770

Concentra Medical Center NEW BRITAIN

972 W MAIN ST

NEW BRITAIN , Connecticut 6053

Quest Diagnostics-New Britain

40 Hart Street, Building C

New Britain , Connecticut 6052

A & B Employer Solutions, LLC New Haven

446 Blake Street

New Haven , Connecticut 6515

Concentra Medical Center New Haven

370 James Street

New Haven , Connecticut 6513

H.O.M.E,Inc/Occ Hlth Svcs New Haven

2 Church St S Ste 112

New Haven , Connecticut 6519

MedTrac, Inc. New Haven

1631 State Street

New Haven , Connecticut 6511

Yale New Haven Hospital Occup. Health New Haven

175 Sherman Ave

New Haven , Connecticut 6511

Quest Diagnostics-New Haven-Church Str

2 Church St S Ste 115

New Haven , Connecticut 6519

Quest Diagnostics-New London Bank St

721 Bank Street

New London , Connecticut 6320

Medworks, LLC Newington

375 E Cedar St

Newington , Connecticut 6111

Occupational Health Care-Syed H. Reza, Norwalk

345 Main Ave

Norwalk , Connecticut 6851

Concentra Medical Center Norwich

10 Connecticut Ave

Norwich , Connecticut 6360

LabCorp NORWICH

12 CASE ST STE 302

NORWICH , Connecticut 6360

Quest Diagnostics-Norwich-New London T

118 New London Turnpike

Norwich , Connecticut 6360

Quest Diagnostics-Old Saybrook

929 Boston Post Road

Old Saybrook , Connecticut 6475

Stony Creek Urgent Care Orange

236 Boston Post Rd

Orange , Connecticut 6477

Physician Services of NE CT, LLC Plainfield

12 Lathrop Rd

Plainfield , Connecticut 6374

Plainfield Walk-In Medical Center Plainfield

558 Norwich Rd

Plainfield , Connecticut 6374

New Britian Occupational Health-Allian Plainville

440 New Britain Ave

Plainville , Connecticut 6062

Putnam Medical Assoc Putnam

330 Pomfret St

Putnam , Connecticut 6260

EMSI- Hartford Contract-IN-OFFICE ONLY Rocky Hill

2257 Silas Deane Hwy Ste 3

Rocky Hill , Connecticut 6067

ExamOne-Hartford Rocky Hill

1111 Cromwell Ave Bldg 4

Rocky Hill , Connecticut 6067

LabCorp SHELTON

4 CORPORATE DR, STE 185

SHELTON , Connecticut 6484

Quest Diagnostics-Shelton

515 Bridgeport Ave

Shelton , Connecticut 6484

Quest Diagnostics-Simsbury

381 Hopmeadow Street

Simsbury , Connecticut 6089

South Windsor Ambulatory Care Center South Windsor

2800 Tamarack Rd

South Windsor , Connecticut 6074

Concentra Medical Centers Stamford

15 Commerce Rd

Stamford , Connecticut 6902

LabCorp STAMFORD

1290 SUMMER ST UNIT 5100

STAMFORD , Connecticut 6902

Quest Diagnostics-Stamford-Mill River

80 Mill River Street

Stamford , Connecticut 6902

Concentra Medical Center Stratford

555 Lordship Blvd

Stratford , Connecticut 6615

Med Now Stratford

1040 Barnum Ave

Stratford , Connecticut 6614

Quest Diagnostics-Stratford-Lordship P

555 Lordship Blvd Fl 1

Stratford , Connecticut 6615

Primary Care Center of Thomaston Thomaston

205 South Main Street

Thomaston , Connecticut 6787

Med-East Medical Center-Tolland Tolland

200 Merrow Road

Tolland , Connecticut 6084

Concentra Medical Center Torrington

333 Kennedy Dr

Torrington , Connecticut 6790

Quest Diagnostics-Torrington, E Main S

1933 E Main St

Torrington , Connecticut 6790

Quest Diagnostics-Unionville

45 S Main St

Unionville , Connecticut 6085

Vernon Walk In Medical Care Center Vernon

224 Hartford Tpke

Vernon , Connecticut 6066

Hartord Medical Group W Hartford

926 Quaker Ln S

W Hartford , Connecticut 6110

Concentra Medical Centers Wallingford

900 Northrop Road

Wallingford , Connecticut 6492

Quest Diagnostics-Wallingford-South El

15 South Elm Street

Wallingford , Connecticut 6492

Concentra Medical Centers Waterbury

8 S Commons Rd

Waterbury , Connecticut 6704

LabCorp WATERBURY

1068 W MAIN ST

WATERBURY , Connecticut 6708

St. Mary's Hospital Occ Hlth Waterbury

1320 West Main Street Bldg. 1

Waterbury , Connecticut 6708

Quest Diagnostics-Waterbury-Westwood A

60 Westwood Avenue

Waterbury , Connecticut 6708

Hartford Medical Group West Hartford

445 S Main St

West Hartford , Connecticut 6110

Hartford Medical Group West Hartford

336 North Main Street

West Hartford , Connecticut 6117

Occupational Medicine Services of IMCC Wethersfield

1260 Silas Deane Hwy

Wethersfield , Connecticut 6109

Quest Diagnostics-Wethersfield

465 Silas Deane Highway

Wethersfield , Connecticut 6109

Med-East Medical Walkin Center Willimantic

1703 Main St

Willimantic , Connecticut 6226

Center for Occ Hlth/St.Francis Care Windsor

100 Deerfield Rd

Windsor , Connecticut 6095

Concentra Medical Center WINDSOR

1080 Day Hill Road

WINDSOR , Connecticut 6095

Hartford Medical Group-WINDSOR-OMC Windsor

1060 Day Hill Road

Windsor , Connecticut 6095

Quest Diagnostics-Windsor Locks

2 Concorde Way, Building 3A

Windsor Locks , Connecticut 6096

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